Kurt Herman was born in October 1929 in Vienna, Austria. He went to school across the street from his house with Jews and non-Jews and frequently played with his friends after school. After Germany’s annexation of Austria in March 1938, Kurt’s non-Jewish school friends began calling him names and wearing swastikas. The Nazis seized his family’s fabric business and tried to arrest his father multiple times during random house raids by Stormtroopers. After Kristallnacht, the Night of the Broken Glass on November 9-10, 1938, Kurt’s family tried to flee Austria.